Shared Library Configuration

When installation is performed using a package (e.g. rpm, deb), the include file, shared libraries, and pkgconfig file are installed in the default system production locations. On Fedora, for example, these are: /usr/include, /usr/lib, and /usr/share/pkgconfig. If the package installation does not do it for you, it may be necessary to run ldconfig after installation to rebuild the shared library cache (normally file /etc/ to make the shared libraries available.

$ sudo ldconfig

When installing from a .tar file, or building and installing from source, the situation is more complicated. As the saying goes, your mileage may vary.

Include files, shared libraries, and pkg-config files are installed in distriibution specific local directories. (This can be altered by the --prefix and other options to configure, but that is beyond the scope of this discussion. For details, see Variables for Installation Directories. For example, on Fedora these are /usr/local/include, /usr/local/lib, and /usr/local/share/pkgconfig.

Depending on distribution, these local directories may or may not be part of the standard path for the corresponding program. For example, /usr/local/lib may or may not be automatically searched by ldconfig, /usr/local/share/pkgconfig may or may not be searched automatically by pkg-config, and the directory containing ddcutil include files may or may not be part of the default include path. If they are, then as in the case of production locations, all that may be necessary is to execute ldconfig.

Locating shared libraries

If the shared libraries are not found, the following command shows the library search path:

$ ld --verbose | grep SEARCH_DIR | tr -s ' ;' \\012

To check if the linker can locate all the libraries required by a program, use the ldd command. For example (assuming you're in the directory containing ddcui, which uses libddcutil)::

ldd ddcui

To add a directory to search, set environment variable LD_LIBRARY_PATH prior to executing a program that requires the shared library. For example:

$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=shared_library_directory:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
$ ./ddcui

To permanently add the local library directory to the search path, create a .conf file in directory /etc/ld.conf.d that specifies the local library directory, or if appropriate add the library directory name to an existing .conf file.

Locating include files

To see the default include file path:

$ gcc -xc++ -E -v 

If the local include directory is not in the default include path, you can add it to the default include directories, e.g.

$ export INCLUDE=/usr/local/include

Alternatively, you can rely on pkg-config to set the required directory at compile time.


If pkg-config is called as part of building Makefile, e.g. from autoconf/automake, cmake, or qmake, then the ddcutil pkg-config file ddcutil.pkg specifies the required include files, libraries, and library directories.

Now it's ddcutil.pc that must be found by pkg-config. So the question becomes whether the local directory in which ddcutil.pc is installed is in the distribution-specific default search path.

To see the the default search path:

$ pkg-config --variable pc_path pkg-config

To add a local directory to the pkg-config search path, set environment variable PKG_CONFIG_PATH. Note that this affects pkg-config when run by configure, cmake, qmake etc. Examples:

$ export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig
$ ./configure